Following the merger with Amur Zoloto in 2020, Kopy Goldfields gained access to mineral assets located in Ayano-Maisky and Tuguro-Chumikansky municipal districts of Khabarovsk Region of the Russian Federation.
Khabarovsk Region is one of the five largest regions of the Russian Federation and belongs to the central part of Far Eastern Federal District. The region consists of 17 municipal districts and two urban districts (cities). The region borders with five other regions of Russia, and with the People’s Republic of China to the south. The Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan are to the East from the region.
Most of the assets are located in Ayano-Maisky municipal district of Khabarovsk Region 900 to 1,150 km from the city of Khabarovsk. The Perevalnoe Complex (licence areas of Pereval’noye, Uchur, Maimakan and Dzhana deposits and alluvial cluster Uchur) is partially located in Tuguro-Chumikansky municipal district about 820 km from the city of Khabarovsk.
Both Ayano-Maisky and Tuguro-Chumikansky municipal districts are the largest and least populated in the region. Each of them covers an area of over 16 million ha and belongs to the Far North.
Population and infrastructure
The total population of Khabarovsk region was estimated to amount to approximately 1,300,000 in 2018. The largest city in the region is Khabarovsk, which is also the largest city in the Russian Far East with an estimated population of approximately 600,000 in 2018.
The population of the Ayano-Maisky and Tuguro-Chumikansky districts has been constantly declining since the 1990s (dissolution of the USSR). As of 1 January 2018, the population of Ayano-Maisky municipal district is 1,942 people with 872 people living in the administrative centre, the village of Ayan; the population of Tuguro-Chumikansky municipal district is 1,964 people with 1,039 people living in the administrative centre, the village of Chumikan.
There are no permanent settlements associated with any of the mining areas of Kopy Goldfields. The nearest settlements are located in a range of 110-250 km from the sites with a population ranging from 60 to 1,039 people. There are many shift camps in the area; some are functioning seasonally (eg. Buor) and some are populated year-round (eg. Mar-Kyuel, Ryabinovy, Yubileyniy, Tas-Yuryakh). In summer, the population of those camps increases to 9,000 to 9,500 people.
The districts are not highly developed and have limited infrastructure; there are no permanent roads, railway connection or power supply. The main economic activity is represented by the extractive industry (alluvial gold and other mining). One of the biggest deposits of alluvial platinum, Konder, is developed in Ayano-Maisky district by Russian Platinum Group.
The Belkachy-Kondoyr dirt road is used to supply Yubileyniy Complex (mineral processing plant (MPP), alluvial deposits and Krasivoe mine). About one-fourth of the road lies within the Aldansky municipal district (ulus) of Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. The road finishes at the port base on the Aldan River with access to Tommot railway station by boat and barge in summer, and winter road in winter. The A360 Lena/Amur-Yakutsk Highway and Amur–Yakutsk railway passes through the ulus and is used to supply the Kopy Goldfields complexes. The Tas-Yuryakh Complex may be supplied by the Sea of Okhotsk in summer. All the remaining seven assets (including Perevalnoe and Malyutka Complexes) are mainly supplied through airfreight by planes and helicopters. During the cold season, winter roads are developed, and supplies are brought in by trucks.